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Color: Black
Food: Fried chicken, collard greens
Quote: (It is on the recording. Could not transcribe.)
Season: Fall
Birthplace
Harlem, New York
Interview Description:

Biography |

Interview Date: 10/5/2016

Dancer, choreographer and artistic director Arthur Mitchell was born on March 27, 1934 in Harlem, New York to Arthur Mitchell, Sr. and Willie Hearns Mitchell. He attended the High School of Performing Arts in Manhattan. In addition to his studies, Mitchell was a member of the New Dance Group, the Choreographers Workshop, Donald McKayle and Company and High School of Performing Arts’ Repertory Dance Company. After graduating from high school in 1952, Mitchell received scholarships to the Dunham School and the School of American Ballet.

In 1954, Mitchell danced in Broadway’s House of Flowers with Geoffrey Holder, Louis Johnson, Donald McKayle, Alvin Ailey and Pearl Bailey. He joined John Butler’s dance company in Europe before Lincoln Kirstein, general director of the New York City Ballet (NYCB), invited him to NYCB’s corps de ballet. Mitchell became the first African American permanent member of a major American ballet company in 1955 when he performed with Tanaquil Le Clercq in Western Symphony. Then, in 1957, famed ballet choreographer George Balanchine choreographed Agon pas de deux, considered the first interracial duet in American ballet, for Mitchell and Diana Adams. Balanchine created the role of Puck in A Midsummer Night’s Dream for Mitchell, as Mitchell performed in a succession of NYCB productions, including Bugaku and Arcade, throughout the 1950s and 1960s. In 1966, Mitchell organized the American Negro Dance Company that represented the U.S. at the first World Festival of Negro Arts in Dakar, Senegal. Two years later, in 1968, Mitchell founded the National Ballet Company of Brazil in Rio de Janeiro. In 1969, Mitchell and Karel Shook, Mitchell’s mentor and friend, co-founded the Dance Theatre of Harlem, the first black classical ballet company, which debuted at the Guggenheim Museum in New York City in 1971. Throughout the 1970s and 1980s, the Dance Theatre of Harlem developed into a world-renowned institution, producing well-received ballets, including Dougla, Troy Game, The Firebird and Creole Giselle. When the Dance Theatre of Harlem performed in South Africa in 1992, it launched its international outreach program, Dancing Through Barriers, designed to educate children in dance through master classes and open rehearsals.

Mitchell has received a number of distinguished awards. In 1993, he was recognized by the Kennedy Center Honors, and was named a MacArthur Genius Fellow in 1994. President Bill Clinton presented Mitchell with a U.S. National Medal of Arts in 1995. Then, in 1999, Mitchell was inducted into the National Museum of Dance and Hall of Fame, the only U.S. museum dedicated exclusively to dance. He received the Heinz Award in Art and Humanities in 2001, and was featured in a PBS American Masters documentary, Balanchine in 2004. Between 2009 and 2010, the exhibit “Dance Theatre of Harlem: 40 Years of First” premiered in New York City and Los Angeles. Columbia University’s Rare Book & Manuscript Library acquired Mitchell’s archives, its first major dance collection, in 2015.

Arthur Mitchell was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on October 6, 2016.

Speaker Bureau Notes: