Legendary singer Nina Simone passes away in Paris, France. Simone was known for her soulfull and oft described sad sounds.
Milton Olive, Jr., becomes the first African American to be awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor. The award is given posthumously after Olive dove on a live grenade, saving the lives of his fellow soldiers.
Richard Hunt, sculptor, becomes the youngest artist to exhibit at the World’s Fair in Seattle, Washington.
High school health teacher Irma Daniels was born on this date in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
Auto sales entrepreneur Larry Brown was born on this date in Inkster, Michigan.
Magazine editor and author Audrey Edwards was born on this date in Tacoma, Washington.
Association chief executive and federal government administrator Linda M. White was born on this date in Cleveland, Ohio.
Medical director Dr. Vivian Pinn was born on this date in Halifax, Virginia.
James A. Bland's song, <I>Carry Me Back to Old Virginny</I>, was chosen as Virginia's state song on this date.
The Harlem Suitcase Theatre opened on this date in New York City. Langston Hughes's one act play, <I>Don't You Want To Be Free?</I> was performed to open the theatre, starring a young James Earl Jones.
Future Congressman and civil rights activist Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. led a demonstration at City Hall on this date in New York City. Powell became a U.S. Congressman representing Harlem, New York in 1945. Powell's demonstration urged for more doctors and better health services in Harlem.
Soldier and psychology professor Chalmers Archer, Jr. was born on this date in Tchula, Mississippi.
University president and college basketball coach Harrison B. Wilson was born on this date in Amsterdam, New York.
Gospel singer Clara Ward was born on this date in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Ward and her group, The Ward Singers, were the number one Gospel group of the 1950s. Some of their hits include Surely, God Is Able, Packin' Up, and How I Got Over.